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    OANNES

    OANNES - Uluslararası Eskiçağ Tarihi Araştırmaları Dergisi'nin Mart 2020 sayısı yayınlanmıştır. Eylül 2020 sayımız için makale başvuruları devam etmektedir.


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Abstract


FAMILY AND MARRIAGE IN ANCIENT MESOPOTAMIAN LAW
The family, which is described as the smallest social unit consisting of parents and children, is based on the early historical periods of humankind. The cuneiform texts belonging to the ancient Mesopotamians include significant information about the formation of the family, family members and mutual obligations, intra-family relations, protection and continuation of the family. According to the cuneiform texts from Ancient Mesopotamian context, the first step to take in order to constitute the family is the marriage between a woman and a man, which is sealed by a cuneiform text before the witnesses, and the formation of this institution is completed with the participation of the children. Both legal and economic documents, as well as articles on marriage-divorce, relationships between spouses, inheritance and adoption in law texts show that family unity is considered essential. Because the continuation of the lineage, the transfer of heritage, the provision of social order, is only possible with the family, which is also an economic union based on solidarity as well as emotional, and all rules created accordingly are aimed to ensure the integrity and continuity of the family institution.

Keywords
Family in Ancient Mesopotamia, Marriage, Child, Law


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